Bactrim is a combined antimicrobial agent. The pharmacological action of the composition of Bactrim consists of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole. Bactrim has a bactericidal effect, activity against streptococci, meningococci, staphylococci, gonococci, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Vibrio cholerae, Hemophilus Coli, Listeria, pertussis, fecal enterococci, Klebsiella, Brucella, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Shigella, intestinal yersiniosis, Morganella, chlamydia, Plasmodium, Toxoplasma, pathogenic fungi, actinomycetes, histoplasmosis, pathogens of nocardiosis, tularemia, legionellosis, Pneumocystis pneumonia, coccidiosis. Bactrim shows the resistance to Bactrim coryneform bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the causative agent of tuberculosis, the viruses.
Indications for the use of Bactrim
The main indications for the use of Bactrim are in the treatment of many infectious diseases of the respiratory tract. The Bactrim drug can cope with bronchitis, purulent pleurisy, lung abscess, pneumonia, and other phenomena. The Bactrim drug is widely used for infectious diseases of the genitourinary tract. So, Bactrim fights with cystitis, pyelonephritis, urethritis, and other phenomena.
If you need treatment of the gastrointestinal tract or the elimination of infections located there, you should take Bactrim drug. It eliminates dysentery, typhoid fever, enterocolitis, and other diseases.
It is also used for surgical infections, meningitis, gonorrhea, infected wounds, and other phenomena caused by pathogens sensitive to the drug.
Bactrim is used only with the consent of the doctor. In some cases, this drug is enough for a complete recovery. It is worth noting that bacteria's sensitivity to this drug depends on the area where the person is located. This indicator is one of the most important. After all, if you do not take Bactrim into account, you may not get relief from the use of the drug. All this requires a doctor's consultation. Only he can allow taking Bactrim and prescribe the necessary dose.
Reception of Bactrim during pregnancy
Is it possible to take Bactrim during pregnancy? Experiments that have been conducted on animals suggest that large doses of the drug can lead to fetal malformations. This is a typical condition in the case of folic acid deficiency.
According to the survey, there were no separate reports of fetal defects in women. Taking the drug does not appear to be associated with a significant risk of teratogenicity for humans. After all, TMP and SMZ are able to penetrate the placental barrier. Thus, they can affect the folic acid metabolism that occurs during pregnancy.
The drug is prescribed only when the expected benefit from its use may exceed the fetus's risk. Pregnant women who are recommended to take this medicine are prescribed 5-10 mg of folic acid in addition.
It is forbidden to take the drug at a later date. There is a risk of developing nuclear jaundice in newborns. During the period of feeding the child, you shouldn't take the drug in any case. You can use Bactrim only with the permission of a doctor.
Individual intolerance to the drug component, kidney diseases, and other problems are the very contraindications to Bactrim's reception. Many people suffer from specific immunity to sulfanilamide drugs. The drug is recommended for diseases of the kidneys, liver, and circulatory system.
Pregnant women cannot take the drug because this can negatively affect the fetus's development and lead to future problems. Premature and newborn babies are also at risk. The drug is used by young children with extreme caution.
Do not take the drug Bactrim together with novocaine, folic acid, anesthetic, and other substances. Diuretics are also incompatible with this drug. Acids can increase the risk of complications.
All this suggests that you can use the drug only with the permission of a doctor. Bactrim has a strong effect on the body and can worsen the situation.
Side effects of Bactrim
Depending on the individual characteristics of the body, the side effects of Bactrim may also develop. First of all, the urinary system manifests itself. Nephritis may develop, there will be an increase in the concentration of urea, polyuria, crystalluria, and other phenomena.
As for the respiratory system, these are bronchospasms, dizziness, and headache. The musculoskeletal system also manifests itself in the form of arthralgia and myalgia. It is possible to develop depression, meningitis, neuritis, apathy, and tremor in some cases. As for the digestive system, there are abdominal pain, gastritis, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hepatitis, and other phenomena.
The development of hypoglycemia and allergic reactions is not excluded. Moreover, the latter phenomenon may have different degrees of severity. There are quite a lot of side effects, but if you take the drug exactly as prescribed by the doctor, then there is nothing to worry about. Only the presence of certain problems and an independent increase in the dose can lead to the development of adverse events. Therefore, you need to take Bactrim under supervision.
Such an important point as the method of reception and dosage of Bactrim are decided by the attending physician. The instructions can indicate anything. Simply put, this is how standard reception options are written. However, it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the body, the human condition, and the tolerance of certain components. It suggests that the dose should be adjusted separately for each case.
The daily dosage of the drug should not exceed 4 pills. If we are talking about syrup, then no more than 8 spoons. The suspension is often given to children under the age of 12, so it is absorbed faster and gives rapid relief. However, the dosage is somewhat different. The child should consume half a measuring spoon twice a day. However, this applies only to newborns under 5 months of age. Starting at the age of five, the dose is increased to two scoops twice a day.
The course of treatment with the drug is from 5 days to 2 weeks. However, all this is purely individual. It depends on the infection itself and the condition of the person. If the problem is chronic, the duration of treatment is much longer. The dose of Bactrim can also be adjusted.